Source: www.nytimes.com : 2022-06-12 20:40:00 : Amelia Nierenberg
Good morning. We’re covering Russia’s looming control over Sievierodonetsk and China’s forceful statements on Taiwan.
Russia closes in on Sievierodonetsk
Moscow’s forces could encircle the key city of Sievierodonetsk in eastern Ukraine and cut it off within days, the governor of Luhansk said.
Ukraine has poured troops and resources into holding the city, its last holdout in Luhansk. Capturing Sievierodonetsk would give President Vladimir Putin a key victory in his bid to control the industrial Donbas region, which includes Luhansk. Civilians in Lysychansk, a neighboring city, are leaving.
Ukrainian troops in the east are suffering heavy casualties — at least 100 soldiers are dying each day — and running short on ammunition. The country’s leaders are pressing the U.S. and other Western allies for longer-range weapons as Russia targets artillery supplies: Moscow said it had destroyed American and European antitank and antimissile systems in a military warehouse in western Ukraine. Here are live updates.
Africa: The worst drought in four decades, and a sharp rise in food prices caused by the war in Ukraine, have left almost half of Somalia’s people facing acute food shortages.
Russification: The Kremlin began formally issuing Russian passports to Ukrainians living under occupation in the south on Saturday, even as Moscow’s forces confront a growing insurgency there.
China’s saber rattling on Taiwan
China’s defense minister said that Beijing wouldn’t “flinch from the cost” of defending its claims to Taiwan if the island takes a decisive step toward independence.
At a regional security forum in Singapore, the defense minister, Gen. Wei Fenghe, said that China sought peaceful unification with Taiwan. But he added that “no one should ever underestimate the resolve and capabilities of China’s armed forces” and that China would “resolutely smash any schemes for Taiwan independence.”
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Wei’s statements came a day after meeting with the U.S. defense secretary, Lloyd Austin. Afterward, Austin spoke to assembled leaders at the forum, and warned China against what he called “provocative and destabilizing” military activities near Taiwan.
Background: Officials and experts disagree over how imminent a military clash over Taiwan might be. But most believe that the danger is rising as China moves closer to amassing the equipment and skills needed to invade the island.
Details: Austin said the Biden administration did not support Taiwan independence and remained committed to a “one China” principle, which acknowledges — but does not endorse — Beijing’s position on Taiwan. Wei indicated that Chinese leaders did not believe such reassurances.
Muslims protest Indian comments
Two young protesters were killed in eastern India on Friday, at one of several demonstrations by Muslims across India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Maldives to protest comments by Indian government officials.
Last week, a spokeswoman for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s governing party made speculative comments on a television talk show about the relationship between the Prophet Muhammad and his youngest wife.
Those comments, and another one by a party official, prompted outrage: Seventeen Muslim nations condemned the remarks and lodged official diplomatic protests. Even Iran and Saudi Arabia, which rarely agree on anything, summoned meetings with India’s envoys in their capitals to complain.
Context: Modi has often been accused of stirring anti-Muslim sentiment or remaining silent after Hindu nationalists have attacked Muslims. But this time, India’s government raced to try to contain the growing diplomatic fallout.
Details: In Uttar Pradesh, an Indian state governed by one of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s most vociferous Hindu nationalists, the police fired tear gas and charged protesters with batons, NDTV reported. Authorities also demolished the homes of several people thought to have participated in protests, Reuters reported.
Bangladesh: The country did not condemn the comments — its leader, Sheikh Hasina, enjoys close political ties with Modi. Still, thousands took to the streets in Dhaka, the capital, to criticize the Indian officials and their own government, The Associated Press reported.
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David Chou and Pastor Billy Chang were born in the 1950s in Taiwan. Chou’s parents, who had fled the mainland, saw Taiwan as forever a part of China; Cheng’s family had lived on the island for centuries, and he grew to believe that Taiwan had its own identity.
Their worlds — neighboring but separate — collided when Chou allegedly opened fire in Cheng’s church this May, killing a doctor and injuring five other people.
The Saturday Profile: Ganesh Devy is racing to document India’s languages (and its 12,000 years of history) as the government pushes a Hindi-first agenda.
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How plastic became ‘vegan leather’
Once, there was “pleather.” Now, the fashion industry has rebranded the inexpensive, petroleum-based material as “vegan leather,” meant to suggest environmental virtue.
The marketing masterstroke comes from an influential rating system that ranks plastic products like vegan leather and polyester — which are made from fossil fuels — as more environmentally sound than natural fibers like cotton, wool and leather.
The system, named the Higg Index, is on its way to becoming a de facto global standard. It was introduced in 2011 by some of the world’s largest fashion brands and retailers as an effort to help shrink their environmental footprint.
But some experts question whether the index accurately reflects factors like methane emissions from fossil fuels or microplastics shed by fabrics. (The fashion industry is responsible for as much as 8 percent of the world’s emissions of carbon dioxide, the U.N. estimates, more than international flights and maritime shipping combined.)
Nor is it clear that using vegan leather cuts down on waste. Americans, for instance, still eat lots of beef, and in 2020 a record number of hides from slaughtered cattle went to landfills.
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